艺考表演:观察与模拟的训练

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The source of artistic creation is life, so the accumulation of life is very important for any artist. The accumulation of life begins with the observation of life.

Performing art is the art of expressing people. The accumulation of actors' lives cannot but focus on the observation and research of people. Of course, since people are always inextricably linked to the times and society in which they (her) live, actors must inevitably study and analyze the times and society while observing and studying people, especially for them. The influence of people, and then gradually deep into the heart of people, to understand and experience different people's thoughts, desires and so on. Only in this way, when actors use these living materials to create, it is possible to truly create a "human spiritual life." However, this is not to say that the observation of the external features of the character is insignificant. On the contrary, since the inner world of human beings is invisible, the understanding of the inner world of human beings is often from the inside to the inside, from the outside to the inside. The human voice, the smile, the dress, the manners, and the behavior are all reflections of the inner world of the person. Therefore, the observation and understanding of the external characteristics of the person can be said to be a bridge to the inner world of the person, and at the same time, the actor is creating An indispensable component of a character inside and outside the system.

The actor has a remarkable feature in conducting life observations, especially when observing people, that is, it is closely related to imitation. That is to say, actors often “sketched” the characters they observe by imitation, and finally kept them in their own memories. However, because the actor is not able to add his own subjective speculation and his own subjective attitude when imitating, the actor is not exactly the object to be imitated when imitating. Therefore, in this sense, it should be a kind of "simulation."

xxIn this stage of training, the teaching requires the implementation of the principle of simplification to complexity, from near to far, from table to gradual transition to unification. At the beginning, students are required to observe carefully, and then start with the simplest imitation, and then continue to increase the requirements; on the other hand, they can start from the observation and imitation of familiar life to the observation of the enlarged living surface. And imitation; from the imitation of the representation of the character, to the analysis of the observed psychology of the person, the simulation of the experience, and the use of association and imagination, become an artistic creation.

In teaching, on the one hand, teachers strictly demand that students must really observe life and observe characters, and they must have prototypes, but they cannot make them out of thin air. On the other hand, teachers should pay attention not to use their own logic to affirm or deny students. Observing the life and characters, we should inspire the students to study and analyze, and help the students to dig out the logic of the characters they observe by the table and the inside to cultivate and develop the students to capture the inside and outside of the characters. The ability to characterize.

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