任正非的“世界观”(1)青少年不要单纯学习数理化

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谭保罗

任正非,越来越被看成是中国企业家中的硬汉人物。

青年时代就读工科,创业之后,始终和通讯设备打交道。伴随着华为成为一家具有全球竞争力的跨国巨头,他的故事更被看作是科技兴邦,理工救国的典型。

在那个狂飙突进的年代,“学好数理化,走遍天下都不怕”的口号广为人知。而今,在“力挺华为”,“芯片自主”的呼声不断涌动的背景之下,过去的熟悉口号似乎又开始在中国人的耳畔回响。

但这并非任正非的本意。在2019年5月的密集受访过程中,他早已公开对媒体表示,希望青少年不要单纯学习“数理化”,应该有全面的素质发展,有广阔的文化基础。

任正非早已不是那个曾经的理工科热血青年,他是世界顶级的企业家,指挥华为的18万员工在全球和同行短兵相接,血战亚非拉,以及欧洲大陆。

他是真正了解这个世界的人,他懂得这个世界的竞争法则,更懂得中国人如果要胜出,被长期忽略的凭借到底是什么。

创新也是一种协作

5月21日,任正非接受媒体集体采访时说过这样的话:“自主创新如果是一种精神,我支持;如果是一种行动,我就反对”

之前,他还明确表示:“我从来不支持“自主创新这个词,我认为,科学技术是人类共同财富,我们一定要踏在前人的肩膀上前进,这样才能缩短我们进入世界领先的进程。 “‘除了农民,其他人不应该有这种想法。’

XX任正非的观点可以说是犀利无情,但他是对的。在许多领域,技术进步太快,重复其他人的研究,既不经济也不现实,不断做这种“无用的工作”将不可避免地落后于其他人。

任正非认为,创新是一种全球合作,闭门车的模式只属于“小规模农业”。他说,下属报告说,美国供应商仍然在贸易战的压力下试图储备,当他们与美国政府保持沟通批准时,他们“流泪”。

任正非对全球合作的决心是基于当前产业链的利益和优势的事实,并在一定程度上来自他自己的故事。

过去,任正非和华为长期以来一直被外国媒体视为具有“军队背景”,他们深入参与其中。多年来,投机逐渐消退,华为对民营企业的定位也开始得到广泛认可。然而,任正非青年时期的学习和工作经历确实与军方有着密切的关系。因为在那个时候,年轻人的职业选择并不多。

任正非于20世纪60年代初就读于重庆建筑工程学院,现在并入重庆大学。但当时,重庆土木建筑学院是一个广义的“军校”,学校和基础设施工程单位有着深厚的根基。毕业后,任正非参军,一直是没有军衔的技术副干部。最后,在百万美元裁军时,任正非退休并南下深圳。

作为一名士兵,他塑造了任正非。到目前为止,他的“语言风格”已经非常军事化,影响了华为的管理风格。更重要的是,前工程军的背景也使他对中国的技术创新有了比其他企业家更多的理解。因为在任何时代,军事竞争都将不可避免地导致民用技术竞争的溢出效应 - 一个是技术,另一个是哲学。

The background of the former engineering corps also made him have a different understanding of China's technological innovation than other entrepreneurs. Because in any era, military competition will inevitably lead to spillovers in civil technology competitionone is technology and the other is philosophy.

The competition of military technology is the peak of the world's technological competition. The competition for civil technology is about profit, but military technology competition is about life and national fortune, so its investment is often more cost-free. The top-notch original technologies of the 20th century are related to the military. For example, the invention of the Internet was due to the need for military communications. The invention of the LCD screen was only to save space inside the tank, and the launch of the satellite was also for military use.

Prior to World War II, the research and development of military technology often took place in various countries. Those powerful countries aiming to compete for the world formed a scattered research and development center for weapons on the earth. In this era, the only connection or "collaboration" is the story of spies who steal weapon information.

However, after the Second World War, especially the opposition between the two camps, the geographical distribution pattern of human military technology research and development was completely changed, and the scattered dot-shaped R&D began to evolve toward collaborative mesh development. More importantly, collaboration began to break through national borders, and technology sharing and industrial chain integration began to be achieved between countries in the same camp.

In many film and television works, "military fans" can easily find an interesting phenomenon: as early as the Vietnam War in the 1960s, American helicopters were light and heavy, and the helicopters used in Afghanistan in the 1980s were extremely cumbersome. The volume is also large.

The pieces are different, so the equipment is different. But another interpretation is also very popular, that is, the US technology is better and can make "smaller" helicopters. The simple truth is that the higher the top electronic system, the higher the efficiency, the lower the energy consumption, and the smaller the volume, which enables the US military helicopter to reduce the size and weight, enhance protection and protect the occupants. But the Soviet Union does not have a strong electronic industry chain, so it can only do a lot.

xx但是,美军军事技术的实力不仅仅基于美国的“自主研发”,而且整合了当时世界顶级电子产业链。